From its original focus on pituitary hormone secretion control by the hypothalamus, the field of neuroendocrinology has expanded to encompass multiple reciprocal interactions between the central nervous system (CNS) and endocrine systems in control of homeostasis and physiological responses to environmental stimuli. Although many of these concepts are relatively recent, it was recognized more than a century ago that the hypothalamus and pituitary gland were intimately interactive.


  • Track 1-1 Theory of activation
  • Track 2-2 Theory of aging
  • Track 3-3 Mucosal immune responses
  • Track 4-4 Cerebrovascular Surgery

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